IIT stands for Indian Institutes of Technology, which are engineering and technological institutes of the country as recognised by the Government of India. They have world-class and state-of-the-art infrastructure through which they ensure a quality teaching and learning environment for all students. Besides, they also conduct internationally acclaimed research with the best minds in the country and help in the holistic development of science and technology.
For entrance to IIT, national-level engineering entrance exams are conducted. This consists of two stages – JEE Main and JEE Advanced. JEE here stands for Joint Entrance Examination. There are seven old IITs that have gained a lot of respect and prestige: IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati, and IIT Delhi. There are many others which have opened up recently and this the seats for students have increased.
To be more regionally inclusive, new IITs are opened in varied regions of India as compared to the earlier process of opening such institutes of national importance in big cities only. Currently, there are 23 IITs that offer different courses in various domains for graduation, post-graduation, and doctorate too.