Social Learning Theory

Social learning is increasingly becoming a hot topic for developing and learning students’ skills. Simply put, social learning theory involves children observing others and understanding things. For example, a child seeing an adult asking for a treat from someone politely, or a teenager hearing a friend talking about picking a lock but did not try it themselves. Social learning does not necessarily mean that the learner will act upon it; rather, it helps them understand what is right and what is not by learning new things.

Essentially, there are four elements in social learning theory, namely-

·   Retention – Under this, people learn by internalizing the information. Later, such information can be recalled if the learner wants to respond similarly. But to do so, the person has to retain that information.

·   Attention – Children cannot learn until they focus. In such cases, students tend to focus only when they see something unique or interesting, helping them to learn.

·   Reproduction- In this, we reproduce or recap the previously learned knowledge or behavior in the future. Practicing such responses in our heads or in action can improve them.

·   Motivation – Motivation is important to do a certain task. It often comes from seeing someone get rewarded or punished. This motivates us to either do or not to do the same thing.