A financial report is a document that provides information about an organization’s financial performance and position. It typically includes financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as footnotes and other disclosures. The purpose of a financial report is to provide stakeholders (e.g. shareholders, lenders, and regulators) with information they need to make informed decisions about the organization.
Financial reports are usually prepared on a periodic basis (e.g. quarterly or annually) and are audited by independent auditors to ensure accuracy and compliance with accounting standards. They are also filed with regulatory agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the case of publicly traded companies.
- Types: There are different types of financial reports, including annual reports, quarterly reports, and interim reports. Some organizations may also prepare special reports for specific purposes, such as for mergers and acquisitions.
- Content: Financial reports typically include financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as additional disclosures such as notes to the financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis.
- Users: Financial reports are used by a variety of stakeholders, including investors, lenders, regulators, and management. They provide important information that helps these parties evaluate the financial health and performance of the organization.
- Importance: Financial reports are critical for ensuring the transparency and accountability of organizations. They provide a historical record of financial performance and provide stakeholders with important information to help them make informed decisions.
- Regulation: Financial reports are subject to regulations, such as accounting standards and securities laws. Organizations must ensure that their financial reports are accurate, complete, and comply with these regulations.