A visual representation of the biomass available in a unit area at different trophic levels is called a biomass pyramid. By measuring the biomass present in each trophic level of an ecological community at a certain time, it illustrates the link between biomass and trophic level.
The upright biomass pyramid and the inverted biomass pyramid are the two main varieties. A pond ecosystem is a good illustration of an inverted pyramid since there, the mass of the principal producers, phytoplankton, is always smaller than that of the heterotrophs, such as fish and insects. The pyramid takes on an inverted structure as biomass value increases, with tertiary consumers appearing at the top.
The biomass that is produced by organisms at every trophic level can be measured using a biomass pyramid. The bottom level of this pyramid is occupied by the producer, which is typically plants. Primary consumers come after the producers. The apex of the pyramid represents the area where the most biomass has been quantified. Carnivores predominate at this level for an upright pyramid An upward biomass pyramid serves as an effective representation of almost all of the world’s ecosystems and biomes. The overall weight of the producers in an upward pyramid ecosystem is greater than the entire weight of the consumers. The biomass inverted pyramid, on the other hand, is the exact opposite. In other words, the weight of all the producers is less than the weight of all the consumers.