Titration is a chemical qualitative analysis technique used to calculate the concentration of a given analyte in a mixture. It is also known as titrimetry or volumetric analysis. It is an essential technique used in the field of analytical chemistry.
The process of titration consists of preparing a titrant or titrator. It is a standard solution with a predetermined volume and concentration. The titrant reacts with the analyte until the equivalence point is reached. At this stage, the concentration of the analyte is determined by measuring the amount of titrant consumed. In other words, titration is the concept of stoichiometry applied to identify a solution’s unknown concentration.
Titration is of the following types-
Acid-Base Titration- This type of titration is very important. The strength of acids in acid-base titration can be found with the help of a standard base solution known as acidimetry.
In redox titration, a chemical reaction occurs when the electrons are transferred in the reaction ions of the aqueous solutions.