Benchmark usually means a standard of excellence, achievement, or the like, against which similar things must be evaluated or judged.
However, this word has a separate meaning when it comes to surveying. A survey benchmark is a post or other permanent mark established at a known elevation that is used to measure the elevation of other topographical points.
Benchmark has several meanings in computer and Internet technology. These are some examples:
- A set of parameters against which a product or system is evaluated. For example, tech reviewers can use the same set of applications, user interactions, and contextual situations to test and compare several new computers or devices. The benchmark is the overall context against which all products are measured and compared.
- A program created specifically to provide measurements for a specific operating system or application.
- A well-known and well-liked product that users can use to compare to newer products.
- A set of performance requirements that must be fulfilled by a product.