Two or more words that share the same spelling or sound but have different meanings are said to be homophones. These words can occasionally be challenging to spell, especially for young children.

The Greek term “homonymos,” which means “having the same name,” is where the English word “homonym” originates. The prefix “homo” and the suffix “nym” both mean “name,” respectively. Homonyms are hence words that have the exact same appearance and/or pronunciation. One of the examples is the trunk which may mean the trunk of an elephant or the trunk of a tree.

Instead of merely relying on the word’s pronunciation or spelling, we must also comprehend context signals to determine which word is being stated. For instance, if someone uses the word “bat” when discussing baseball or cricket, they are undoubtedly referring to the object rather than the animal.

Homonyms can be separated into two groups they are homographs and homophones. 

Homonyms can have distinct spellings, whereas homographs have the same spelling but a different sound. Since the term “graph” in “homograph” refers to writing, these words are all written similarly. The homographs “bow,” “tear,” “record,” and “bark,” for instance, each has at least two distinct meanings. Regardless of their meaning or how they are pronounced, all of the words are still spelt the same.

Regardless of their spelling, homophones are words that have a similar sound or share a similar pronunciation. Homophones of the word “phone” refer to sound. Words like “write” and “right,” “knight” “night,” “see” and “sea” are examples of homophones.