The CEC is the Chief Election Commissioner. The CEC is the head of the Election Commission of India (ECI), which means that these Election Commissions are responsible for the conduct of elections in their respective locations. The Election Commission plays a vital role in our Indian democracy. The primary responsibility of the Election Commission is to ensure free and fair elections throughout the country. The Chief Election Commissioner supervises all these duties. Therefore, the Chief Election Commissioner plays a crucial role in elections. The Chief Election Commissioner oversees all national elections, including elections for president, vice president, School Management System, state legislatures, and members of Congress.
The head of the State Election Commission is usually a civil servant, preferably an IAS. To hold the post of Chief Election Commissioner, which is not open to all, one must be a civil servant. Appointments are Election Commissioners for 6 years or up to the age of 65, whichever comes first.