It is the model of providing free learning to students. Generally, it is offered to children from less privileged sections of society in any country to complete their basic or primary education. Many advanced countries also provide higher education for free or subsidised tuition fees. As per article 13 of the multilateral treaty International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights right to free education in primary education has to be ensured. Besides, there is a need to introduce secondary and higher education progressively.
The Right to Education Act or The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was passed by the Government of India in the year 2009 as a matter of cognisance to the international covenant. Under the fundamental rights provided by the Constitution of India, Article 21A provides for free and compulsory education for children in the young age group of 6 to 14 years in the country.
Out of 135 countries worldwide providing education for free, India became one. The Right to Education act will also supervise the neighbourhood children, whether they are getting an education, and provide facilities regarding the same.