Bottom quark

The bottom quark, also known as the beauty quark (symbol b), is a fundamental particle and one of the six types of quarks in the standard model of particle physics. It is a member of the second generation of quarks, with a charge of -1/3 and a mass of approximately 4.18 GeV/c^2, which is about 4.2 times the mass of a proton.

The bottom quark can only be produced in high-energy particle collisions, such as those that occur at particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It has a very short lifetime, decaying into lighter particles, including other quarks, leptons, and gauge bosons, within a few picoseconds after being produced.

The bottom quark plays an important role in the study of the properties of the Higgs boson, as the Higgs boson can decay into a pair of bottom quarks. The detection of this decay channel is crucial for confirming the existence of the Higgs boson and measuring its properties and School Analytics. The bottom quark is also studied in the search for new physics beyond the standard model, as its interactions can reveal evidence of new particles or forces that are not accounted for in the current model.