Hindi is one of the numerous languages spoken in India. Hindi has its origins in northern India, although it is extensively studied, taught, spoken, and understood throughout the subcontinent, whether as a mother tongue or as a second or third language.
Bharatendu Harishchandra is referred to as the “Father of Hindi Literature.” He was born in Banaras on September 9, 1850. Bharatendu Harishchandra is also known as the “Father of Hindi Theatre.” He used the pen name ‘Rasa’ while he wrote. He wrote about the restlessness of the middle class, the nation’s poverty, callous exploitation, and people’s agonies. The Bengal Renaissance impacted his decision to translate Puranic, historical, and social works and plays into Hindi.
In 1868, he translated the Bengali play Vidyasundar into Hindi. In 1880, he was awarded the title of ‘Bharatendu’ at a public conference of scholars in Kashi. He passed away on 6 January 1885.
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of India has given Bharatendu Harishchandra Awards since 1983 to encourage unique works in Hindi public communication.