Inductive Method

The inductive method is a method of reasoning where a standard principle or rule is derived from a number of observations. In this process, a body of conclusions or references is drawn from a logical approach. We tend to use the inductive reasoning method in our everyday lives in an informal way. 

This method is also used for research purposes while making observations and collecting data. Later, a wider view of all the data is taken, to derive conclusions. 

There are several types of inductive reasoning methods. They are:

  1. Inductive Generalization: Here, samples from a population are observed to come to conclusions.
  2. Statistical Generalization: In this process, specific numbers are observed to make statements about a population.
  3. Casual Reasoning: This process is completely based on a correlation, where one needs to make a casual statement about the relation between two events that are taking place at the same time. 
  4. Sign Reasoning: Here, one needs to make correlational relationships between two things.
  5. Analogical Reasoning: In this type of reasoning, one tries to find a link or relation between two things based on their alike factors. 

Inductive reasoning generalizations can be really weak or really strong depending on the number of arguments used or the quality of the observations.