The lecture method is a method of teaching in which the teacher delivers information to students by speaking or giving a presentation. This method is often used in formal educational settings, such as universities, colleges and high schools, and is typically used to convey factual information or to provide an overview of a particular topic.
In the lecture method, the teacher is the primary source of information, and students are expected to listen actively, take notes, and ask questions. The teacher may use visual aids such as slides, videos, or images to supplement the lecture. The lecture method is often used in subjects such as history, science, and mathematics, where a teacher can provide a broad overview of a topic, and students can then explore the details through reading, research, and discussion.
It’s worth mentioning that this method is not the only way to teach, there are other methods like the problem-based method, case-based method, project method, and so on, these methods are known as student-centred learning. They focus on the student and their active participation in the learning process
The lecture method is often criticised for being a one-way method of teaching, where the teacher does most of the talking and the students do most of the listening. This can make it difficult for students to stay engaged and retain the information being presented.
The lecture method can be more effective when the teacher uses techniques such as active learning, where students are encouraged to participate in class discussions, ask questions, and engage in group activities.