Microeconomics is a branch of economics that studies the behaviour of individual economic agents, such as households, firms, and markets, and how they interact with each other to allocate resources. It is concerned with how economic agents make decisions about what goods and services to produce, how much to charge for them, and how to allocate resources efficiently.

Microeconomists use theories and models to analyze the behaviour of individual economic agents and to understand how these agents interact in markets. They focus on the principles of supply and demand, as well as the role of prices, costs, and profits in determining the allocation of resources.

Microeconomics is concerned with a wide range of topics, including the behaviour of consumers and producers, market structures, market failures, and government policies that affect individual markets. For example, microeconomists may study the impact of a tax on a particular product, Digital Content, the effects of changes in minimum wage laws on labor markets, or the behaviour of firms in a competitive market.

The insights gained from the microeconomic analysis are used by businesses, policymakers, and individuals to make decisions about how to allocate resources and make the most efficient use of scarce resources. Microeconomics is also used to inform economic policy decisions, such as the design of regulations to promote competition or the setting of tax policies to encourage economic growth.