The full form of NEP is the English National Education Policy. It is a policy to regulate and implement changes in the Indian education system. The old policy was amended by the Ministry of Human Resources Management, chaired by former ISRO President K Kasturirangan. The Union Cabinet, on 29 July 2020, paved the way for this transformative reform in the primary and secondary education system. The Ministry of Human Resources Management was reorganized into the Ministry of Education. The NEP replaces his 34-year-old policy from 1986 and is the first education policy of the 21st century.
The new NEP policy is based on four pillars: access, quality, fairness and accountability. The new NEP 2020 replaces the old school system structure of 10 + 2 with a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 structure consisting of 12 years of school and 3 years of kindergarten. Vocational training is also provided in urban and rural areas under the NEP. Education in India worked only at the national level before the launch of NEP 2020. Because of this, Indian students are not able to demonstrate their talents on a global scale. With this in mind, the Government of India has drafted a new NEP. Its main aim is to provide education on a global scale with a holistic approach to all Indian students. Through NEP, the main objective of the government is to democratize education in India, so some changes have been made to the government’s old policies.