Noise pollution is usually caused due to high levels of unwanted noise or sound in the surroundings or environment, which can lead to pain. The main sources of noise pollution are the noise generated from aircraft, railroads, road traffic, engines, construction noise (buildings, flyovers, highways, city streets), industrial noise, noise from electrical appliances, air conditions, generators, noise from consumers like a pressure cooker, juicer, mixer, washing machine, cooler, dryer, etc.
In some countries, especially highly populated countries like India, poor urban areas also play a major role in noise pollution as the planning of construction of congested houses with large families in small spaces results in noise pollution. Additionally, the new generation likes to play loud music and dance late at night, causing a lot of physical and mental disturbance to the neighbours. Such high-level noise can cause much trouble for a normal person’s hearing ability and affect their hearing senses. Besides, it is known that a high noise level can gradually affect a person’s health.
Not only human beings, but loud noise pollution also affects wildlife and the lives of plants. Normally, the ears can accept a certain sound level with no damage to the ear. However, exposure to a loud range of noises can damage the eardrums, leading to temporary or permanent hearing loss. It also results in other disorders like weakness, fatigue, sleeping disorders, stress, cardiovascular issues, communication problem, high blood pressure, etc.