Programmed instruction is a method of introducing new material to students by presenting it in a graded pattern of behavioral approach with corresponding activities. Students work independently through the programmed material, assessing their own comprehension through exam questions or drawing a diagram after each step. This method is composed of a series of tests and statements that direct the student based on their pattern of mistakes.
The term “programmed instruction” refers to two types of learning methods. Norman Crowder created the first method, in which the instructor includes multiple choice questions within the text and offers feedback for each of the incorrect alternative options when a student selects them. B.F. Skinner created the second method, which includes a timeline of reinforcement for activities that are performed in a particular, continuous order.
Programmed instruction benefits students’ personal skills, diverse abilities, and interests, as well as different learning rhythms and speeds. This intensifies, rationalizes, and personalizes the teaching work.