Student engagement in education refers to a student’s level of attention, curiosity, enthusiasm, optimism, and passion when studying or being taught, as well as their motivation to learn and improve. The idea behind “student engagement” is that learning increases when students are curious, motivated, or inspired, and that learning suffers when students are bored, disinterested, disillusioned, or otherwise “disengaged.” Educators frequently state that they want to increase or improve student engagement.
In recent decades, the term “student engagement” has gained prominence, owing to a better understanding of the importance of various intellectual, emotional, behavioural, physical, and social variables in the learning process and social development.
It is important to note that various teachers may have different opinions on student engagement, and the term may be defined or perceived differently in different locations. Internal states such as enthusiasm, curiosity, optimism, motivation, or interest may be largely understood as forms of “engagement” in one school, while external behaviours such as attending class, listening attentively, participating in discussions, turning in work on time, and following rules and directions may be perceived as forms of “engagement” in another.
Student engagement is essential since it is connected to improved academic performance. Student accomplishment soars when teachers adopt tactics to attract students’ attention and actively include them in the learning process. Students who aren’t engaged are more likely to drop out, have worse test scores, and have more behavioural problems. Student achievement and conduct can be predicted by engagement.