The teaching-learning process is a relationship that exists between teachers and students where knowledge in a certain area is transmitted among each other. It is a combined process where an educator evaluates learning needs, establishes particular learning objectives, and flourishes new learning, and teaching strategies. This process nurtures how teachers pass on their knowledge to their students. This can take place in two ways. One is known as the ‘one way’ method, where only the teacher is the speaker, and the other is called the ‘circular’ method, where both the teacher and the students participate in the discussion which eventually leads to the development of the class.
During this teaching-learning process, when teachers transmit their knowledge to the students, they have to keep in mind, the latter’s age, capabilities, skills as well as living conditions. The teaching-learning process is a five-step cycle. They are:
- Prior Knowledge: It is the knowledge that students already have stored in their memories before starting a new topic.
- Presenting New Material: Teachers try to link prior knowledge of the students and use abstract ideas and a multi-sensory approach while teaching them.
- Challenge: Teachers set Graphical and non-linguistic tasks for students. The students here learn to work effectively in groups and grow their cooperative and collaborative skills.
- Feedback: Here, teachers show students how to improve their skills.
- Repetition: Since the teaching-learning process helps students in creating long-term memories, it is important that this process is repeated several times with an uninformed time gap for the welfare of the students.