Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory based on motivation comprising five-model human needs, termed hierarchical levels within a pyramid. There is a pyramid in this model that highlights a human’s psychological needs. The hierarchy goes from bottom to upward and consists of- physiological, safety, love and belonging needs, esteem, and self-actualization.
This five-stage model is also divided into deficiency needs and growth needs. The first four levels above come under deficiency needs, while the top level is known as growth needs. Maslow’s theory was established in 1943, and initially, it was introduced with the purpose that individuals need to satisfy their lower-level needs before moving on to higher-level needs. However, after some research, Maslow clarified that satisfying human needs is not an ‘all or none phenomenon. He proposed that people are motivated to achieve their needs, which takes precedence over others. The following stages of this theory explain the basic needs of a human-
· Physiological needs consist of the needs for survival, i.e., food, shelter, warmth, sleep, drink, etc.
· Safety needs are the one that comprises security within an individual, such as acceptance in society or family
· Love and belongingness needs consist of emotional needs like relationships, affiliating, etc.
· Esteem needs are self-worth, accomplishments, and respect.
· Self-actualization needs refer to a person’s seeking personal growth or self-fulfillment.