Zone of Proximal Development

The Zone of Proximal Development concept was launched by Soviet psychologist and social constructivist Lev Vygotsky. He defined the Zone of proximal development as the distance between the actual developmental level determined by independent problem-solving and the level of potential development determined by problem-solving under adult guidance or with more capable peers. Vygotsky conducted the study on the belief that assisting students in the zone of proximal development for any task will boost them to achieve the task. Moreover, to help a person move through the zone of proximal development, educators often encourage to focus mainly on three important aspects which help in the learning process-

·   The presence of any person who has knowledge and skills beyond the learner

·   Social interactions with an intelligent tutor will help the learner to practice and observe their skills

·   Scaffolding or supportive activities offered by the educator or a more competent peer to support the student through ZPD.