Bilingual education refers to educating students in two languages- one that serves as the primary language/mother tongue and the other as a secondary one. Bilingual education can become part of the regular curriculum of the school.
Since childhood, students have a greater inclination toward their mother tongue as it also acts as the communication channel within the family and community. Giving education in this language can ensure better understanding power for the students. The education practice would require schools to hire teachers proficient in the languages so that learning can be more efficient and children grow more adaptive. Teachers should be able to read, write, speak and listen to the languages proficiently.
Bilingual education helps to develop intercultural dissemination and diversity within an educational institution. At the same time, linguistic diversity is also maintained within a community. Many tribes across different parts of the world have assimilated into popular culture, and as a result, language diversity is on the verge of extinction. Schools must take appropriate steps to educate students in two languages.
One country that has successfully implemented bilingual education for over 200 years in the United States of America. The education system in India follows a three-language policy. English, Hindi, and a modern Indian language are taught in the Hindi-speaking states. For Non-Hindi speaking states- English, Hindi, and one Indian language have to be taught. Tamil Nadu is an exception to the case as it has adopted a two-language policy.