A theory put up to explain a certain phenomenon is called a hypothesis. When the scientific method demands that a hypothesis be tested, it becomes a scientific hypothesis. Scientific hypotheses are frequently based on prior data that cannot be adequately explained by accepted scientific theories. A scientific hypothesis isn’t a theoretical model, despite the fact that the terms theory and hypothesis are frequently used interchangeably. A working hypothesis is a recognised theory put forth for future investigations in a procedure that starts with an educated opinion.

Any useful hypotheses allow for reasoning-based predictions. It is possible to utilise it to foretell the discovery of an occurrence in the environment or the results of a particular experiment in a research setting. The prediction may either make use of statistics or only stick to discussing probability.

After formulating the hypothesis it is then subjected to scrutiny by a research team which decides whether the study is worth taking the time and resources. If it finds merits then the study is undertaken and a methodology is created to accept or reject the hypothesis. After running experiments, the results are organised into scientific modules and a conclusion is drawn to see whether the hypothesis is accepted or not.