The Union Cabinet approved the passage of the New Education Policy in 2020 for revamping the Indian education system. The new education policy aims to make India a “global knowledge superpower” by harnessing the potential of the young generation of people.
Within the same policy, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, which was responsible for formulating and implementing national policies related to education, has been renamed as the Ministry of Education.
Some of the takeaway points from the new policy are-
1. 100% gross enrollment ratio in schools by 2030. The gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, irrespective of the age or population of the age group.
2. Complete universalisation of schools from pre-school to secondary level.
3. The 10+2 system of the current schooling mechanism has to be replaced by 5+3+3+4.
In this system, age groups of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years are considered, respectively.
4. Independent regulatory and authority mechanisms will be set to govern public and private schools for unified standards.
5. 360-degree holistic report cards must be provided for students to track their learning.
As the international system recognises the importance of the age group 3-6 years for learning, it brings them under the ambit of the new policy. It will happen under pre-schooling or Aanganwadi.
Previously, two national education policies were also implemented in 1968 and 1986.