Programmed Instruction

The programme instruction technique of instruction is an authoritarian and specialised approach. It is based on the operant condition theory of psychology. The programmer has tight control over the learner’s response.

What does it mean?

Its primary goal is to bring about the desired change in the learner’s behaviour’s cognitive domain. The chosen content is examined and divided into smaller components as part of the teaching methodology’s framework. Each component stands alone and is complete in its own right. A frame is created by the coder depending on each element. The student in the programme is also given responses on many pamphlets. The learner’s new action or understanding is the appropriate response. 

The learner receives feedback right away for giving the right answer and moves on to the next frame. incorrect responses necessitated feedback. The teacher does not have to be present physically. He might be there to provide guidelines for the programme. The pace of learning is left up to the individual students.

Advantages :

Individual diversity and student interaction are the key focal points.

  • There is no set period for learning. The speed of learning is flexible for students.
  • To include students in the learning process, the learning by doing principle is used in the classroom.
  • Since only the right solutions are presented to students, the likelihood that they will make mistakes is decreased.
  • The learners are reinforced and given the outcomes right away confirmation, which motivates them to keep going. Feedback is given for incorrect responses so that students can gain content mastery.