The Right to Education (RTE) is the legal right of every child to receive an education. It is recognized as a basic human right by the United Nations and is protected by various international treaties and conventions. In many countries, including India, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE Act) is passed which makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14.
The RTE Act ensures that all children have access to free and compulsory education, regardless of their social or economic background. It also sets minimum standards for the quality of education, including the qualifications of teachers and the infrastructure of School Analytics.
The RTE Act also provides for the inclusion of marginalised groups, such as children from low-income families, chord with disabilities, and children from ethnic and linguistic minorities. The act also provides for measures to ensure that no child is left out of school, such as provisions for the identification of out-of-school children, and for their admission to schools.
The RTE Act also includes provisions for the inclusion of children with special needs, such as children with disabilities, and for the use of appropriate pedagogical methods to help them learn.
The implementation of the RTE Act is a huge task and is facing challenges. The main challenges include lack of infrastructure, shortage of teachers, lack of awareness of the act, and lack of funds for implementation. Nevertheless, many countries are working towards the implementation of the RTE Act, to ensure that all children have access to education and their right to education is protected.