Universal Primary Education is one of the eight goals stated under the Millenium Development Goal by the United Nations. Many other goals are dependent on UPE for its successful completion.
Millennium Development Goals were set in 2000 during the millennium summit by the United Nations and consisted of eight goals. One hundred ninety-one members from the United Nations and 22 international organisations signed for the goals completed by 2015.
Universal Primary Education is goal 2 of the MDG, which aims to ensure that boys and girls worldwide complete their primary education by 2015.
As reports of UNICEF suggest, there are still 58 million in the primary schooling age group who are out of school and have not completed their primary education yet.
The age group for primary education is an essential population that needs to be catered to on time for successful employment generation, skilling opportunities, and providing them options for higher education.
Various locational constraints inhibit students’ attendance in remote areas of schools. The lack of infrastructures like washroom facilities, gender discrimination, and the cost of schooling further adds to the problem.
India has already started work on meeting the goals by enacting the Right to Education Act, 2009, and inducting it under Article 21 of the Constitution of India, giving children the fundamental right to education.