SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) is a set of technical standards for e-learning software and systems. It is a widely adopted standard for creating and delivering online educational content. It was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense to ensure that e-learning content could be easily shared and reused across different learning management systems (LMS).

SCORM is designed to help e-learning content providers create and deliver content that can be easily integrated into different LMSs, regardless of the underlying technology. It provides a common set of rules and guidelines for creating e-learning content,Learning Management System such as course structure, navigation, and data tracking.

SCORM defines three main components:

  1. Content Aggregation: SCORM defines a way to package and organise e-learning content into small, reusable “objects” (or modules) that can be easily shared and reused.
  2. Run-Time Environment: SCORM defines a set of communication protocols that allow e-learning content to interact with an LMS, such as sending and receiving data about a student’s progress.
  3. Data Model: SCORM defines a set of data elements that can be used to track student progress and performance, such as score, completion status, and time spent on a module.

SCORM is widely used by e-learning providers, educators, and organisations to create and deliver online learning content. It is supported by most commercial LMSs, and it allows e-learning content providers to create content once, and then deliver it to multiple LMSs