The first and second national education policies in India were critical in the development of the education system. The National Education Policy (NEP) is a comprehensive framework for managing the country’s educational progress. The term “brainstorming” refers to the process of transforming an idea into a physical reality through the use of a metaphorical “brainstorming” metaphor. Under the governance of then-UCC Chair D. S. Kothari, a 17-member school board was formed in the same year to develop a national and coordinated education policy. In 1968, Parliament approved the first education policy based on the Commission’s recommendations.
Every few decades, new NEPs are published; India currently has three. The first was signed by Indira Gandhi in 1968 and the second was signed by Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. Former Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao updated the 1986 NEP in 1992. After the first and second national policies on education in India, the third was declared by PM Narendra Modi. The National Education Policy was developed to improve the country’s educational quality by concentrating on providing educational opportunities to all residents. It was amended again in 1992 to promote the country’s people’s freedom of knowledge and thought. Although education is mentioned in the Indian Constitution, the state government plays an important role in its development, particularly in primary and secondary education.