CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test. It is a national-level examination conducted to enter law colleges in India. It is conducted for undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law courses. The tests are conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities, which is comprised of members from all the prestigious law universities of India.
Many Indian companies hire legal professionals based on their scores in CLAT. Such companies include- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Coal India, Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), and Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL).
The examinations conducted have five sections- English including Comprehension, Current affairs, Legal Reasoning, Quantitative aptitudes, and Logical Reasoning. The examination has a negative marking system for candidates, where 0.25 marks are cut for every wrong answer.
Students can appear for undergraduate courses soon after they complete 10+2. They attain the degree of BA LLB after its successful completion. After this, they can be admitted to LLM.
Currently, 22 famous law universities across India offer the program via CLAT. The examination is considered one of India’s toughest examinations, and the success rate is meagre, sometimes as low as 3%.