Education for children who are different from average children of the same age and need special care. The children differ in terms of physical, mental and cognitive abilities and require additional support for learning from teachers. These children may be having cognitive or visual or hearing impairment, cerebral palsy or may be gifted with higher IQ.
Inclusive education for Special Children
The Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan scheme of the Indian government makes education free for all children from 6-14 years of age. It advocates inclusive education and promotes special children studying in general schools.
One major point included in the scheme is separate funds and teachers for children with special needs. The children can get extra help from teachers in studies and co-curricular activities. This in turn promotes inclusivity and differently-abled children being a part of society rather than being shunned.
Objectives of Special education
- Motivates special children to excel in school
- To reach maximum effectiveness in school subjects
- To develop a desire to mix up and work with the general population.
Importance of special education
- Gifted children might not be satisfied with the average teaching process and need extra guidance to satisfy their curiosity.
- Due to extra resources and training children feel motivated to excel in life.
- By involving various professionals like special education teachers, special therapists, and psychotherapists, and even special children can become learned individuals with solid and meaningful concepts ingrained in their minds.