Theories of learning

Theories in education play an important role in today’s education system. Teaching and learning correlate with each other; everyone goes to school and learns similarly. In reality, there are vast educational approaches to the art and science of teaching. These approaches are pioneered by educational theorists who studied them and determined what works best for whom. Learning is a process that brings together environmental and personal experiences and helps enrich one’s skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, and behaviour. Generally, there are the following types of learning theories as given below-

·   Behaviorism- It is concerned with stimuli-response behaviour. Under this, learning occurs through rewards or punishments. The rewards help increase the likelihood that the behaviour is repeated, while with punishments, there is the likelihood that the behaviour will decrease. Punishment can be negative or positive in nature.

·   Cognitive- It is largely based on the reaction of the learners to stimuli in the environment. The cognitive theory explains how the mind works during the learning process.

·   Constructive- The learner is seen as the constructor of the knowledge. The creator of this theory believed that learning is a collaborative process and, therefore, social interactions are crucial for cognitive development. Working collaboratively with others allows them to complete tasks that they are not able to do independently.