Morphology studies the shape and structure of living things from a biological perspective. Morphology is a discipline or study of biology related to the shape and structure of organisms and their unique characteristics. It comes from a Greek word called ‘morph,’ which means to shape and ‘logos,’ which means study or investigation. In biology, morphology is a subfield concerned with organisms’ interior and exterior structures. It studies the forms, sizes, and shapes of animals, plants, and microbes, along with the interactions of their parts. In medicine, morphology is a discipline of life science that is concerned with studying taxons general structure and organisms. The divisions of morphology are as follows-
· Cellular morphology involves cells that vary in size and form. These cells create walls and prevent the free flow of objects from one side to another.
· Tissue morphology involves tissues that have different functional morphologies. The skeletal muscle cells form lengthy twisted bundles, and the tissue of the lungs includes grape-like sacs of cells that exchange co2 and oxygen.
· Organ morphology has a similar pattern of function and shape. The heart contains four chambers, and the ventricles have thicker muscular walls than the atria.