Jerome Bruner was an American psychologist and educator who was born in 1915 and died in 2016. He was best known for his work on the theory of instruction, which he developed in the mid-20th century.
Here are a few key elements of Jerome Bruner’s theory of instruction:
- Active Learning Management System : Bruner believed that learning is an active process, in which individuals construct meaning by engaging with information and experiences. He argued that learners should be active participants in their own education, rather than passive recipients of information.
- Discovery learning: Bruner was a strong proponent of discovery learning, which is a teaching method that emphasizes hands-on, exploratory learning experiences. He believed that learners should be encouraged to discover information and concepts for themselves, rather than being told the answers directly.
- Spiral curriculum: Bruner developed the idea of a “spiral curriculum,” which is a type of curriculum that revisits and builds upon key concepts and ideas at multiple points throughout the educational experience. This allows learners to develop a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of the material over time.
- Scaffolding: Bruner also emphasized the importance of “scaffolding” in instruction, which is the process of providing students with the support they need to be successful. This includes breaking down complex tasks into smaller, more manageable parts, and gradually increasing the level of challenge as the learner becomes more proficient.
- Representation: Bruner believed that different modes of representation, such as visual, auditory, and kinesthetic, can be used to support learning in different ways. He argued that instruction should be designed to take advantage of the strengths of each mode of representation, in order to maximize its effectiveness.
Jerome Bruner’s theory of instruction has had a significant impact on the field of education, and his ideas continue to influence the way that teachers approach the design and delivery of instruction. His contributions to our understanding of how people learn and the importance of active, hands-on learning experiences have helped shape the way that educators approach the process of teaching and learning.