The name SSA stands for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. It is a centrepiece initiative of the Government of India’s Universalization of Elementary Education plan. Additionally, the 86th amendment to the Indian Constitution mandates it as one of the constitutional freedoms. According to the SSA, the state must provide children aged 6 to 14 with free and required education. People are entitled to foundational education. Basic education helps to raise the quality of life, particularly in terms of neonatal mortality, which considerably boosts the economy of the nation. It results in the development of human capital, which could raise our nation’s production potential.
Along with encouraging community involvement in school administration, SSA seeks to reduce socioeconomic, geographical, and gender inequalities through the provision of practical and elementary education. It also instils value-based education, or value-based learning objectives, which give the kids the chance to indulge in personal ambitions while simultaneously cooperating for one another’s well-being. By learning about their surroundings, children in SSA are able to reach both their material and emotional potential. As part of its goal, SSA’s role is to identify how the performance of the educational system might be improved by offering high-quality elementary education.
Under SSA, everyone within a certain time frame will receive a basic education. It is an effort to develop human potential through social assistance. This also places a special emphasis on enhancing the curriculum to make elementary school education meaningful and pertinent. In SSA, instructors play a crucial role in advocating for and concentrating on the developmental needs of the pupils.