SSA stands for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), a programme of the Government of India for the universalization of elementary education. The programme was launched in 2001 and aims to provide quality elementary education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years.
SSA focuses on the following areas:
Access to education: SSA aims to provide an opportunity for all children to attend school and complete their education.
Quality of education: SSA aims to improve the quality of education by providing teacher training, developing educational materials, and implementing new teaching methods.
Equity and inclusion: SSA aims to reduce disparities in education by providing special support to disadvantaged groups such as girls, children from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and children with disabilities.
Infrastructure development: SSA aims to improve the infrastructure of schools, including the construction of new schools, toilets, and drinking water facilities.
Community participation: SSA encourages community participation in the education process, by involving parents, community leaders, and local organisations in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of the programme.
SSA is implemented in partnership with State Governments and Union Territory Administrations. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, which is funded by the Government of India and the State Governments. The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) in India.