The University Grants Commission (UGC) is a statutory body in India that was established in 1956 by the Indian Union government. Its main function is to coordinate, determine, and maintain the standards of higher education in India.
The UGC is responsible for providing financial assistance to universities and colleges in India, and for promoting and maintaining standards of teaching, examination, and research in higher education institutions. It also works to develop and promote a national system of education in the country, and to ensure that the needs of disadvantaged and minority groups are met.
The UGC is also responsible for providing guidelines to institutions on curriculum development, teacher education, and research. It also provides recognition to universities and colleges in India, and oversees the accreditation of institutions through its National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).
The UGC also provides financial aid to colleges and universities through various schemes such as Development of Universities, Development of College, and Maintenance of Standards in Higher Education. It also provides scholarships and fellowships for students and teachers to pursue higher education and research.
The UGC is governed by a chairman and members, who are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Union Government. It is headquartered in New Delhi and has regional offices in various parts of the country. The UGC plays a major role in shaping higher education in India by providing financial aid, setting standards, and promoting research and innovation.