Material science studies the properties of solid materials and how a material’s structure or composition determines these. The study is established out of an amalgam of solid-state physics, metallurgy, and chemistry, as the rich variety of material properties is difficult to understand within the context of a single classical discipline. In simpler words, materials are designed or selected for various applications, from structural steels to computer microchips. Material science is important to engineering activities such as aerospace, telecommunication, electronics, nuclear power, energy conversion, and information processing. The materials that are applied and studied in materials science are usually divided into 4 categories-
Materials science and engineering combine chemistry, physics, and engineering principles to solve real-world problems associated with biotechnology, nanotechnology, information technology, energy, and other major engineering applications. Material science focuses on the relationship between a material’s molecular and atomic structure, properties of the material such as strength, conductivity, or optical properties, and how the material is processed into shape or product.