DPEP stands for District Primary Education Program, it was a program launched by the Government of India in 1994, with the goal of universalizing primary education in the country. The program aimed to improve the quality of education, increase enrollment and retention of students, and reduce the gender and social disparities in education.
The DPEP program was implemented in selected districts across the country, with a focus on low-performing and educationally backward districts. The program was implemented through a decentralised, community-based approach, which involved the active participation of local communities, NGOs, and other stakeholders in the design and implementation of education programs.
The program had a comprehensive approach that aimed to address various aspects of primary education, including infrastructure development, teacher training, and curriculum reform. The program also had a strong emphasis on the use of technology and innovative teaching methods to improve the quality of education.
The DPEP program was implemented in two phases, the first phase was implemented from 1994 to 2000 and the second phase was implemented from 2000 to 2009. The program was then replaced by the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2001, which aimed to universalize access to primary education in the country.
The DPEP program was considered as a successful initiative to improve primary education in India, it helped in increasing the enrollment and retention of students, improving the quality of education, and reducing the gender and social disparities in education. It also helped in creating a conducive environment for education, by building infrastructure and providing support to the schools.