The Right to Education Act (RTE) is vital legislation that marks a watershed within the education system in India. With its enactment, the correct to education has become a fundamental right within the country. During this article, you’ll be able to read all about the RTE, its significance, provisions and challenges for the UPSC exam.
The Act is titled “The Right of youngsters to Free and Compulsory Education Act.” The Parliament had grid it in August 2009. When the Act came into force in 2010, India became one of all 135 countries where education may be a fundamental right of each child.
The 86th Constitutional Amendment (2002) inserted Article 21A within the Indian Constitution, which states:
“The State shall provide free and compulsory education to any or all children of 6 to 14 years because the State may, by law, determine.”
Therefore, the correct education was made a fundamental right far from the Directive Principles of State Policy list.
The RTE is the consequential legislation envisaged under the 86th Amendment.
The article incorporates the word “free” in its title. It means that no child (other than those admitted by their parents to a very school not supported by the government) is prone to pay any reasonable fee or charges or expenses which can prevent them from pursuing and completing teaching.
This Act makes it obligatory on the part of the government to ensure admission, attendance and completion of pedagogy by all children falling within the cohort six to 14 years.
Essentially, this Act ensures free education to any or all children within the economically weaker sections of society.