The National Educational Testing Bureau of the University Grants Commission (UGC) administers the National Eligibility Test (NET) to screen applicants for lectureships and the award of Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) to Indian nationals in order to ensure minimum standards for those entering the teaching and research professions. Humanities (including languages), Social Sciences, Forensic Science, Environmental Sciences, Admission Management, Computer Science and Applications, and Electronic Science are all covered in the exam.

The UGC-CSIR NET is jointly conducted by the UGC and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for other Science subjects such as Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, and Earth Atmospheric Ocean & Planetary Sciences. The tests are carried out twice a year, usually in June and December.

It is regarded as one of the most difficult exams in India, with only a 6% success rate. Teaching is a demanding profession that necessitates commitment and dedication. The same qualities are required to pass the NET exam.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) directed the UGC NET test until July 2018, and the National Testing Agency (NTA) has directed the UGC National Eligibility Test since December 2018. It is an online test and the people who enroll can decide where they’ll write the exam form, i.e., they can choose their cities. The council will allocate the center accordingly.