The Indian Institutes of Technology or IIT, are owned by the central government and was founded by the first-ever Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in May 1950. They are public technical institutes located across the country. They are currently under the ownership of the Ministry of Education of the Government of India. 

IIT is known and recognized worldwide as one of the major institutions for engineering education and research. To get accepted at IIT, there are hurdles students do have to cross inevitably. Candidates have to first crack the JEE Mains examination, which is the Joint Entrance Examination, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year in January and in April. After JEE Mains, candidates have to sit for the JEE Advanced Examinations. Students who will successfully crack the JEE Advanced Exams will be eligible to sit for the IIT admission process. 

The courses offered at IIT are, Undergraduate Programmes, Postgraduate Programmes, and Dual Degree and integrated courses (BTech + MTech). 

IIT institutes in India have a number of branches. Some of the popular branches are IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay, and IIT Madras.